Should I get a torsion spring system or Torquemaster springs system?
To begin let’s start with understanding what the Wayne Dalton Torquemaster system is and what a
torsion spring system is. There are similarities, but there are also critical differences in each system.
Wayne Dalton Torquemaster System:
Wayne Dalton designed the Torquemaster system in an attempt to improve on the torsion spring system. He kept the idea of a spring bar/torsion tube mounted on the header above the garage door opening on the inside of the garage. His system, however, utilizes one or two springs that are inside the spring bar/torsion tube. The number of springs used is determined by the weight of the garage door. This system also utilizes small plastic drums mounted on each end of the spring bar/torsion tube.
Cable wrap around these plastic drums and then attach to the bottom bracket located on the bottom of the bottom garage door panel on each side. In this system the internal springs provide the force to counterbalance the weight of the garage door while the cables and drums do the lifting.
The spring(s) are then wound a set number of times depending on the weight of the garage door. The springs in a Wayne Dalton Torquemaster system are of a very small diameter and wire size and thus require more winds to provide the strength to counterbalance the weight of the garage door. These extra winds add more stress to the springs causing them to fail sooner than normal torsion springs. The concept was to protect the spring(s) from dirt, dust and rusting by installing them inside the spring bar/torsion tube. In theory this seems like a good idea however in application it has its limitations and problems.
Torsion Spring system:
The torsion spring system utilizes a spring bar/torsion tube mounted on the header above the garage door on the inside. Spring(s)are mounted on the spring bar torsion tube, on the outside of the bar and are visible for inspection. metal drums are mounted at each end of the torsion tube. Cables attach to the bottom bracket located on the bottom of the bottom section/ panel on each side of the garage door. The cables then travel up the height of the garage door and attach to the drums. the cables wind around the drums when the door is opened and unwind as the door is closed. In the torsion spring system, the springs provide the force to counterbalance the weight of the garage door, while the cables and drums do the lifting.
In a torsion spring system, you can have one spring or multiple springs depending on the weight of the garage door. Each spring is visible making it easy to identify a broken spring. In the case of failing springs that have not yet broken you would still need to check the balance of the garage door. While the springs are visible it is impossible to determine visually if the spring(s) are failing unless one or more springs has actually broken. We recommend regular maintenance be performed on garage doors that include lubricating the spring(s) with a quality garage door lubricant. The torsion spring system does allow for this maintenance to be done.
When a spring breaks or fails, the process for replacing the broken spring(s) is less labor intensive, although it does require the proper tools and training. This process requires unwinding any tension on the torsion spring(s) using winding bars. Next you have to loosen the drum set bolts and remove the cables from the drums. the next step is to loosen the set bolts on the cones of the spring(s) and unbolt the spring(s) from the center bracket. The spring bar/ torsion tube may now be moved back and forth allowing the drums to be removed from the spring bar/ torsion tube. Once the drum is removed you can slide the old spring off and then slide the new spring into place and then slide the drum back on the spring bar/ torsion tube. If you have two springs you will follow the same steps to remove and replace the second spring on the other end of the spring bar/torsion tube. With the spring(s) and drums reinstalled on the torsion tube you must begin the process of winding the cables around the drums and winding the torsion spring(s) the proper number of times. We recommend having a trained garage door technician perform any spring replacement or adjustment as garage door springs are dangerous and can cause serious property damage or injury including death, if proper tools and techniques are not used. Spring replacement is not a do-it-yourself project for the homeowner.
We always recommend converting Wayne Dalton Torquemaster systems to standard torsion spring
systems. We feel the torsion spring system is superior to the Torquemaster system and the cost to
convert the system is about the same as repairing the Torquemaster System